In these upper intermediate vocabulary lessons we cover a different theme in each class, looking at phrasal verbs, idioms and useful vocabulary related to the topic. There are questions after every lesson to help you activate the new words. There is also a list of the relevant vocabulary to help you organize and activate these expressions.

Appearance Vocab
Body Vocab
Personality Vocab
Life and Death Vocab
Clothes and Fashion Vocab 1
Clothes and Fashion Vocab 2
Houses and Property Vocab
Social Life Vocab
Politics Vocab
Books and Literature Vocab
Food and Cooking Vocab
Driving and Traffic Vocab
Travel and Tourism Vocab
Weather and Climate Vocab
Animals Vocab
Environment and Conservation Vocab
Shopping and Customer Service Vocab
Crime and Punishment Vocab
Ideas and Beliefs Vocab
War and Peace Vocab
Economics and Finance Vocab

Appearance vocabulary

 


Does anyone among your friends and family have a distinguishing mark, or feature?
How would you describe your complexion?
How would you describe your body shape?
What kind of hairstyle do you have? And what kinds have you had in the past?
Are you scruffy, or do you like to dress up?
Can you describe different members of your family?

skinny / bony
scrawny
portly
stout
chubby
obese
overweight
lanky
scruffy
smart
muscular
curvy
pale
swarthy
sallow
haggard
athletic
double chin
stubble
wrinkles
dimples
sideburns
scar
spiky hair
side parting
pony tail / pig tails
in a plait
in a bun
wart
spot
distinguishing mark / feature

Body vocabulary

The next lesson focuses on vocabulary related to the body

Do you know anyone with a limp? Why do they have this problem?
When was the last time you sprinted? Why?
Do you bear a striking resemblance to anyone? Or maybe just a passing resemblance?
What kind of things make you giggle?
Do you bite your nails? Or tap your fingers incessantly?

What action might we perform when…
..we are tired
..we are nervous
..we are furious
..we don’t know the answer
..we are shocked
..we have just woken up
..we have a cold
..we want to agree
..we hear a joke
..we see someone we love
..we don’t want to be recognized
..we want to disagree
..we have an itch

limp
hop
stumble
sprint
dash
glare
gaze
stare
glance
glimpse
scowl
frown
leer
pout
grimace
(smug) grin
giggle
yawn
cough
sneeze
stretch (arms)
shake (hands/head)
nod (head)
shrug (shoulders)
fold (arms)
cross (legs)
bite (nails)
pick (nose)
clench (fist)
tap (fingers)
raise (eyebrows)
scratch (head)
bear a striking resemblance to
disguise yourself as
dazzling smile
evil smirk
blank expression
cackle of laughter
gorgeous dress

Personality vocabulary

The third lesson deals with personality adjectives. Please test your understanding using the questions under the lesson.

How would you describe someone who…

..loves telling you what to do?
..acts very childishly?
..is extremely rude?
..who can’t read?
..who hates lending people money?
..who has a tendency to go on and on?
..who believes every word you tell him?
..who always tells you the truth, even if it hurts?
..who never gives up?
..who doesn’t like waiting?
..who saves money by economizing?
..who keeps himself to himself?
..who doesn’t tell the truth?

Here are the adjectives

Impetuous
Impulsive
taciturn
reserved
gullible
trusting
bossy
assertive
obstinate
determined
stingy
thrifty / frugal
full of yourself
self assured
blunt / curt
direct / frank
nosy
curious
extravagant
generous
naive
innocent
garrulous
chatty
mature
modest
patient
polite
responsible
rational
honest
organized
logical
literate
sincere
sensitive
considerate
adequate
reasonable
communicative
imaginative
co-operative
jealous
possessive
haughty / aloof
experienced
wise

Life and death vocabulary

The fourth English class has lots of vocabulary connected to birth, death and marriage.

What things should you avoid if you are heavily pregnant?
What’s the best age to have children?
Were you christened as a child?
Are you married? Where did you meet your partner? How long were you engaged?
Did you or your spouse propose? How did he or she pop the question?
How many people came to your wedding? Was there a best man and bridesmaids?
When do you plan to retire?
Who will inherit your fortune?
What will you have written on your gravestone?

Here is the vocabulary

heavily pregnant
to have a baby
to give birth to twins
to have a miscarriage
to have an abortion
to deliver a baby by caesarian section
antenatal, prenatal, postnatal
to be christened / baptised
to adopt / foster a child

to be single / engaged / married / divorced
to go out with s.o
to propose (marriage)
to pop the question
they broke off their engagement
Their marriage broke down
they broke up / split up last year
bride, groom, best man, bridesmaid

to retire
to pass away
to pass on
to grieve / mourn
funeral
to bury
to cremate
an undertaker
a coffin
a grave (yard)
a will
to inherit
an heir
to send your sincere condolences

Clothes and Fashion Vocabulary

Here are two vocabulary lessons dealing with clothes and fashion. Please answer the questions after the lesson, in order to activate the vocabulary:

Do you prefer wearing baggy or tight clothes?
How do you dress? Scruff, smart, old fashioned, or trendy?
Do you usually try clothes on before you buy them?
On what occasions do you dress up?
Do you hang your clothes up, or just throw them on the floor?
Do you ever tie back your hair?
Do you roll up your sleeves on a hot day?
How old were you when you learnt to do up your shoe laces?

Here is the vocabulary

scruffy / smart, well dressed
old fashioned/ stylish, trendy
all the rage
baggy, loose / tight, skimpy
stunning, eye-catching, gorgeous

put on / take off
try on
hang up
wear out
catch on
dress up, dress down
do up, zip up, tie up
roll up (your sleeves)
tie back (your hair)
tuck in (your shirt)
fit (size)
go with, match
suit

Clothes and Fashion Vocabulary 2

What kind of shoes do you wear in the house?
What material is your warmest coat made of?
Do you like wearing denim? What’s the most comfortable material?
What material are your socks made of?
What kind of shirt / t shirt are you wearing? Does it have a V neck? Or a hood? Or sleeves? Is it patterned or plain?
Who wears the trousers in your relationship?
Do you ever get hot under the collar?

Here is the vocabulary:

Sleeveless, long/short sleeves
Hooded (with a hood)
V neck
Polo neck
a collar

Material
Silk (shirt)
Leather (jacket)
Nylon (tights)
Lycra (cycling shorts)
Denim (jeans)
Velvet (bow)
Fur (coat)
Suede (shoes, jacket)
Woolen (jumper)
cotton (socks)

Pattern
Spotted
Striped
Checked
Plain

Other Clothes
Slippers
Dressing Gown
Waist Coat
Cardigan
Blouse
Vest

Idioms
Speak off the cuff
Wear the trousers
on a shoestring (budget)
Hot under the collar
to be in s.o else’s shoes

Houses and Property vocabulary

What kind of house do you live in? Give a complete description
Do you have any rooms at the top or bottom of your house?
Do you have a shed or garage? What is kept there?
Do you have a garden? Can you describe it?
Do you prefer blinds or curtains?
Do you prefer wallpaper or paint?
What kind of floor do you have? Do you like carpets?
Describe your bedroom: what furniture do you have?
Describe your kitchen: what furniture do you have?
What kind of domestic chores do you have to do every week?

Here is the vocabulary

Utility room
Attic
Basement
Cellar
Loft
Landing
Hall
Porch
Pantry / Larder
Terrace / Patio
Shed
Garage
Loo

(semi) detached
terraced
cottage
bungalow
council housing
studio flat
2 bedrooms
2 reception rooms

Outside
Path
Hedge
Fence
Gate
Wall
Letterbox

Furniture and stuff
(draw) the curtains
(pull down) the blinds
wallpaper
carpet/rug
(wipe your feet) on the doormat
(recline) on the armchair / sofa
(water) the plants
(turn on / off) the taps, central heating, radiators
(take out) the rubbish
sink / washbasin
(pull out) a drawer (chest of drawers)
(hang up) your clothes in the wardrobe
(put in / take out) a cupboard
washing machine
dishwasher
fridge / freezer
(bake / roast) something in the oven
(boil / fry) something on the hob

(un)lock
replace
put away
tidy up
hoover up

Social Life Vocabulary

How many close mates do you have?
Have you ever been to a fancy dress party?
Have you ever been to a housewarming party?
Have you ever been on a stag or hen night?
When was the last time you threw a party?
Have you ever gatecrashed a party?
Do you often pay your mates a flying visit, or do you think it’s rude to turn up uninvited?
What do you think is the perfect venue to wine and dine your beloved?
How often do you call in on your parents?
How often do you pop to the shops?
Have you ever been stood up on a date?
Have you ever been turned down for a job?

mate / pal / chum
geezer / bloke / chap
booze
hangover
party animal
party pooper
throw a surprise party
have a stag party
gatecrash a fancy dress party
a housewarming party
This calls for a celebration
to attend a formal function
a black tie event
a bash / a get together / a do
to wine and dine s.o
to book the perfect venue
to outstay your welcome
to pay s.o a (flying) visit

pop out
pop to
pop round
pop over
pop by

drop round
drop over
drop by

call in on

hang out (with), hang around (with)
knock around (with)
hook up with

get on with
fall out with

get up to

let s.o down
blow s.o out
stand s.o up

turn s.o down
turn s.o away

turn up / show up
dash off / shoot off / head off

Politics Vocabulary

What kind of laws would you like to see brought in?
In which areas should the government cut spending at the moment?
Do you think the government should raise or lower interest rates?
Who did you vote for in the last election? Why? Which policies attracted you to the candidate?
Have you ever voted in a referendum?
In what parts of the world would you like to see a ceasefire declared?
Are there any regimes which you believe should be overthrown? Should foreign nations intervene?
Do you think all monarchies should be abolished?
Do you feel like your leader has misled the electorate?
What kind of policies would you stand for if you were running for president?

Here is the vocabulary

bring in new laws / legislation
cut / reduce / slash the defence budget
raise (increase) taxes or interest rates
ease (loosen) or tighten monetary policy
vote for a candidate
a general election
a by election
a referendum
declare independence / war / a ceasefire
seize (take) power
hostility / violence / disease / war breaks out

military coup
rebellion
bring down / overthrow / topple the regime (a dictator)
abolish / restore the monarchy
enter into (launch) negotiations
broker a ceasefire / an agreement
settle a dispute
bow to pressure
issue a statement
decline to comment
clarify your position
mislead the electorate
leak a story to the press

run for president / parliament
stand for lower taxes
stand up for the poor
stand down as (minister of foreign affairs)
Objective / biased reporting
Conservative (Tory) = right wing
Labour (socialist) = left wing
Liberal Democrats = centre
UKIP = independence party

Books and Literature vocabulary

What was the last engrossing novel that you read?
Do you usually read the instruction manuals before using new devices?
Have you ever read anyone’s memoirs?
Can you think of any plots which were rather implausible or unlikely?
What kind of narrator was there in the last novel that you read? Who was the protagonist? Was there an antagonist in the plot?

Can you give me an example of…
…alliteration
…assonance
…a euphemism
…a metaphor
…a paradox
…an oxymoron
…onomatopoeia

Here is the vocabulary as a list

a riveting / engrossing novel
a poignant tale
an evocative journal
touching memoirs
a comprehensive anthology
an instruction manual
an enigmatic account
implausible scenes (contrived)
a fast moving plot
a gripping chapter
a haunting prologue
a macabre epilogue
an intriguing setting
a heavy going explanation
a thought provoking narrative

to build up suspense
narrator (3rd person, omniscient, unreliable)
a plot / literary device (a twist, a red herring)
a flashback
an irregular timeline
an allegory
an analogy
alliteration
assonance
a euphemism
a metaphor
a simile
a pun
a paradox
oxymoron
onomatopoeia
antagonist
protagonist
anti hero
satire
personification
startling originality
gloomy atmosphere
vivid description
colourful characters

Food and Cooking vocabulary

If you invited me for dinner, what would you cook for me, and how exactly would you cook it?
What’s your favourite recipe?
How do you like your potatoes? Boiled, fried, mashed or roast? Should they be peeled?
How do you like your eggs?
Do you like to grate cheese on top of pasta?
What kinds of herbs do you like to sprinkle on your dinner?
Do you like to dip bread in your soup?
Do you tend to eat slowly or wolf down your food in big gulps?

Boil / simmer (in the saucepan)
Fry (in the frying pan)
Bake / Roast (in the oven)
Put in / take out (the oven)
Put on/take off the hob
under the grill
Mix (the ingredients)
Stir (the sauce)
Pour (the mixture into a bowl)
Chop (the onions/carrots)
Peel (the potatoes)
Grate (the cheese)
Sprinkle (some herbs on the food)
Drain (rice in a sieve)

Utensils
chopping board
sieve
ladle
whisk
baking tray
casserole dish
spatula
cheese grater

dip bread in your soup
heat/warm up
fills you up
eat out
wolf/gulp down
knock over
spill over
boil over
spit out
to bite off more than you can chew

Recipes
scrambled eggs
burnt to a crisp
dripping with butter
dumplings
pastry
beef and pork mince
Bay Leaves, dill, parsley

Driving and Traffic vocabulary

What’s the longest time you’ve ever been stuck in heavy traffic? How did you pass the time?
Have you ever had a head on collision, or some other accident? What happened?
When is it dangerous to overtake?
Have you ever skidded after stepping on the brakes?
Have you ever had points put on your license? Why?
Do you have a manual or automatic transmission?
Have you ever broken down, run out of petrol, or had a puncture?
What do you have in the boot of your car?
Do you know how to change a tyre?
Have you ever been pulled over by the police?
get stuck in heavy traffic
skid on a bend
step on the brakes/ accelerator
overtake the car in front
face the oncoming traffic
have a head-on collision
a hit and run
a 2 year driving ban
put points on your license
pay a fine
drink driving, take a breathalyser
exceed the speed limit
a manual car / automatic car
put it into reverse

windscreen wipers
get a flat tyre or puncture
handbrake
steering wheel
the engine is giving off smoke
put s.t in / take s.t out of the boot
change gear
motorway
rush hour
pavement
bear left / bear right

run out of petrol
fill up with petrol
pull out
pull over
flag down
slow down / speed up
get in / out a car
get on / off (all other transport)
pick s.o up / drop s.o off
run s.o over
knock s.o over
rev up your engine
cut s.o up
traffic is building up
traffic is tailing back
traffic is easing off
traffic is dying down

Travel and Tourism vocabulary

What kind of holiday do you prefer? Self catering, half board, full board, or all inclusive?
Do you usually buy travel insurance?
When do you start packing for your holiday? Weeks before, or at the last minute?
Do you prefer window or aisle seats on a plane?
Have you ever had to cancel a booking? Did you pay a cancellation fee?
Have you ever had a long delay? How long was it? How did you kill the time?
Have you ever declared anything at customs?
Would you like to work as a member of the air crew?
Do you have a thirst for adventure?
What’s the most arduous journey you have ever undertaken?

Here is the vocabulary

self catering
half board
full board
all inclusive

package tour
transfer from…to…

hotel facilities
travel insurance
pack your suitcase
weigh your suitcase
wrap up your luggage
go to terminal 2

book a window/aisle seat
fly with a budget airline
cancel a booking
pay a cancellation fee
get a trolley for baggage
dash to the check in desk
grab your boarding pass
head for the departure lounge

a 2 hour delay
go to gate 14
declare your goods at customs

Interfere / tamper with your luggage
go to baggage reclaim
air crew / flight staff
flight attendant

a thirst for adventure
get itchy feet
go trekking in the wilderness
find a place ‘off the beaten track’

go sightseeing / sunbathing
get sunburn
go for a paddle

an arduous journey

Weather and Climate vocabulary

1) Can you remember some really cold weather, like a blizzard? What happened?
2) Do you often get snow in the winter? What time of year does it start to melt?
3) Why does the body sweat? And why does it shiver?
4) What kind of climate do you have?
5) What’s the hottest temperature you have ever experienced?
6) Have you ever been in a hurricane? What happened? Were any trees blown over?
7) What’s the wettest weather you have experienced? Are there any areas near you which are in danger of floods each year?
8) Do you know anyone who has been struck by lightning?
9) Are the roads slippery at any particular time of year?

FREEZING COLD
chilly
frosty
sleet
snow melts / settles
ice thaws (out)
a blizzard
slippery
10 degrees below zero
to shiver
His teeth were chattering

SCORCHING HOT
a heatwave
an arid climate
a drought
humid (humidity) (moisture in air)
a stifling day
a stuffy room
to sweat
perspiration

SOAKING WET
a (thunder) storm
to be struck by lightning
hailstones / hail
damp
drizzle
a light shower (it’s spitting)
heavy rain (it’s pouring down, chucking it down)
torrential rain
floods
overcast (cloudy)

A STRONG WIND
a breeze (a draft)
a light/cool wind
a blustering wind
gale force winds
a hurricane / tornado

PHRASAL VERBS
chill out!
cool down
The sun/rain was beating down
The clouds blot out the sun
His face clouded over
I slipped over
The pipes have frozen up
I soaked up the sunshine
The wind blew the tree over
He stormed out of the meeting

Animals Vocabulary

 

1) What’s the fiercest animal you have ever come across?
2) Which species are likely to die out soon? What’s the cause of their extinction?
3) Do you have a dog? Which breed do you have?
4) Are there any blood sports which you believe should be legal? What about hunting?
5) Can you name for me 3 different carnivores, 3 different omnivores, and 3 different herbivores?
6) Which animals are you most afraid of? Mammals, rodents, reptiles or insects?
7) Have you ever had to fish your wallet or phone out of somewhere? What happened?
8) Do you have any friends who rabbit on about any specific topics? What do they usually go on about?
9) If you were attacked by a large dog, would you chicken out and run away, or stand up to it?
10) Think of a well known predator. What does it prey on?

mammal
rodent
reptile
insect

carnivore
herbivore
omnivore

predator
prey

wing
beak
claws
feathers
nest

scales
gills
fins

whiskers
claws
fur
tail
paws

mane
hooves

a habitat
mating season
to breed (a breed of)
droppings
poachers
blood sports
animal shelter
lay an egg

docile, tame / savage, fierce
domesticated / wild
stray

feed on, prey on
dig up
die out (go extinct, endangered species)
wolf down
fish out
rabbit on
chicken out
beaver away

 

Environment and Conservation Vocabulary

Does your city get a lot of smog? What are the causes?
Is deforestation a problem where you live? How can we solve this?
Do you believe in anthropogenic climate change? What convinces you of this?
Where should nuclear waste be disposed?
Which areas of your country suffer from widespread flooding? Overpopulation?
If we ever run out of fossil fuels, what sort of dire consequences would this lead to (if any)?
Can you describe the geography of your region. Are you on the coast? Or in the mountains? Are there any rivers nearby?

Potential threats

smog (air pollution)
deforestation
overpopulation
overconsumption (of finite resources)
extinction (of endangered species)
anthropogenic climate change
global warming
dumping of toxic (nuclear) waste
burning of fossil fuels
widespread flooding
genetically modified food
reduce carbon emissions (footprint)
carbon dioxide (CO2)
disposal of household waste (recycling)
(non) biodegradable
dire consequences
run out of coal, gas, oil
alternative (renewable) energy sources
solar power
wind farms
eyesore
tidal power

SEA
tide comes in / goes out (high/low tide)
coast
shore
estuary
peninsula
cove / bay / gulf

RIVERS
mouth
source
tributary
valley / ravine / gorge

MOUNTAINS

foot
peak / summit
ridge
glacier

Shopping and Customer Service Vocabulary

When you order online, is delivery usually prompt?
Which service or shop has the most obliging staff, in your opinion?
Where have you experienced the most impeccable service?
Have you ever complained about a service? Why did you kick up a fuss?
Which places have the most incompetent staff?
Have you ever had a refund? Why?
When was the last time you splashed out on something? What was it?
When was the last time you had to fork out on something? What was it?

VOCAB

prompt delivery
responsive to complaints
obliging staff
ready and willing to help
impeccable service
immediate dispatch
take complaints seriously
2 year warranty / guarantee
a full refund
meet health and safety requirements
satisfied customer

a sterile (impersonal) atmosphere
substandard service
shoddy work, products, services
incompetent staff
uncooperative shop assistants

a stain
to be ripped / torn
to be scratched
something is missing
didn’t respond to my query

Phrasal verbs
get back to s.o
put s.o through
put s.o on hold
hang up
kick up a fuss (moan, groan, grumble, whinge, whine)
shop around
fork out on
splash out on
stock up on
rip s.o off
mug s.o off

bargains
discounts

Crime and Punishment Vocabulary

Do you know anyone who was convicted of an offence? Was it a minor one? Did he go to court? What was the punishment?
Have you ever broken the law? What did you do?
What kind of punishment is appropriate for juvenile crimes? Do you think the police should come down more heavily on any forms of juvenile crime?
Have you ever been to court?
Which crimes are common where you live? What do you think would be appropriate punishments?
What criticisms would you make of the legal system in your country?
commit a minor offence
break the law
petty / juvenile crime
search s.o / the premises / a vehicle

investigate
arrest
interrogate
charge
go to court

trial
to convict
the accused
to adjourn
to remand in custody
to make a plea (to plead guilty)
witness, judge, jury, prosecution, defence
verdict
prove beyond reasonable doubt
trumped up charges
false accusations
to acquit
to sentence
to award damages to
a miscarriage of justice
mitigating (extenuating) circumstances

punishments
community service
on the spot fine
suspended sentence
2 year sentence
capital punishment
corporal punishment
not fit to stand trial

Crimes
blackmail
bribery
drug dealing
fraud
hijacking
kidnapping
murder
rape
smuggling
vandalism
tax evasion
theft
burglary
shoplifting
pickpocketing
mugging
robbery

phrasal verbs
clamp down on
turn s.o in (inform on, grass s.o up)
to bring s.o to justice

Ideas and Beliefs Vocabulary

Do you believe in an afterlife? What kind of evidence adds credence to this idea?
What are the main tenets of liberal democracy?
Do you adhere to any well known religions or philosophies? Which ones?
Do you tend to defer to the experts opinion?
Are there any widespread beliefs which you find implausible? On which erroneous assumptions are they based?
Are you prejudiced? Which groups do you discriminate against?

to adhere to (an adherent of)
to believe in
to assume (make an assumption)
to deduce
to convert to
fanatics / radicals
reactionaries
bigots
prejudices
postulates / tenets
to exaggerate

give/lend/add credence to
give s.o the benefit of the doubt
(im)plausible
(ir)rational
(il)logical
(in)credible
(un)likely

to dissuade
to discriminate against

to put (get) across
to put forward an idea
to talk s.o round / into / out of
to weigh s.t up
to point out
to take in
to run ideas by s.o

to side with / against
to come out in favour of
to come out against
to stand for / against
to stand up for / up against
to stick by
to cheer on
to egg on

to defer to the experts
to cave in to demands / public opinion

War and Peace Vocabulary

Do you think there is a likely chance of nuclear annihilation in the future?
Can you think of any famous sieges?
In which conflicts do you think peacekeeping forces should be deployed and intervene?
Do you think that a ceasefire will soon be declared in any ongoing conflicts?
In which parts of the world have hostilities escalated?
Can you think of any famous battles or conflicts? How many casualties were there? Who surrendered in the end? Was any territory invaded?
Has your country ever had a civil war?
Has there ever been a military coup in your country?
Would you like to see your troops deployed to any parts of the globe? Or would you like to see them withdrawn from any areas?
make an alliance with
make a pact with
make a truce
sign a peace treaty
sign an armistice
declare/maintain a ceasefire
violence (hostilities, war) erupts, escalates, breaks out
to go on the offensive
to launch a counterattack, surgical strikes, a pre-emptive strike
to be under siege
to lay siege to
a military coup, uprising, rebellion
civil war
to (an) ambush
to shell front line positions
collateral damage (slaughtered civilians)
to be caught in the crossfire
to loot
to riot
to pillage
to plunder

declare war
seize power
to capture enemy troops
to defeat the rebels
to retreat, withdraw, pull back from, pull out of
to surrender to the opponent
to invade a foreign power
to evacuate the wounded, civilians, refugees
to annex (a disputed territory)
to stockpile weapons
to deploy heavy artillery, troops
to suffer (sustain) heavy casualties
to disarm
to rearm
armoured personnel carrier

Economics and Finance Vocabulary

Would you like to see house prices skyrocket or plummet?
Should we bail out the banks during a crisis?
Do you think interest rates will be raised or lowered?
Do you think your country should donate more in international aid, or less?
What can we do to alleviate poverty in developing countries? Should we cancel (write off) their debts?
When do you think the sanctions against Russia will be lifted?
What fiscal measures would you like to see brought in?
What do you think will happen in the future? Will the country go into recession, or enter a boom period?
Do you think the single currency is good for Europe?
Does your country have rampant inflation at the moment? What measures can be taken to curb it?
Where should the government levy new taxes?

Here is the vocabulary

House prices drop, fall, plummet, collapse, slump
Interest rates rise, increase, skyrocket
The value of the currency

DEBT
Cancel (wipe out) a (crippling) debt
Pay off (settle) (mounting) debts
Incur (run up) (substantial) debts
alleviate (ease) debts

raise or lower the interest rate
lift or impose sanctions and embargoes
go into or come out of a (severe) recession
Bring in fiscal measures…
..to boost economic growth
..to curb (rampant) inflation
..to prevent deflation
..impose (levy) taxes
..allocate funds or resources

undeclared earnings
tax evasion
abject poverty

impose austerity measures

turn over
bail out
cough up
fork out on
splash out on
set s.o back

 

So, how do you learn by heart such a long list of new words? I’m afraid the only way to do this is to activate the vocabulary by using it as often as you can. Of course, it is also useful to pick up these words passively when you watch TV shows. So please check out my ebooks on the following page, which will help you focus on some of the interesting vocab. And please add me on skype if you fancy taking online lessons to improve your English.

ALL MY EBOOKS

Phrasal verb vocabulary

If you are looking for my phrasal verb vocabulary lessons, try the following playlist, which comes with pictures to help you memorize the words in context.

I have loads of quizzes on phrasal verbs, so please try them all!

PHRASAL VERBS WITH ON
PHRASAL VERBS WITH OFF
PHRASAL VERBS WITH DOWN 1
PHRASAL VERBS WITH DOWN 2
PHRASAL VERBS WITH UP 1
PHRASAL VERBS WITH UP 2
PHRASAL VERBS WITH RUN
PHRASAL VERBS WITH GET
PHRASAL VERBS WITH COME
PHRASAL VERBS WITH GIVE
PHRASAL VERBS WITH PUT
PHRASAL VERBS WITH TAKE

Click on my phrasal verbs page for more information

 Idioms vocabulary

And I have a number of idioms lessons, which can also help you learn new vocabulary. Here are my classes on idioms

Confusing words vocabulary

I have made a playlist which looks at the differences between verbs of looking (LOOK, SEE and WATCH); verbs of talking (SAY, TELL, SPEAK, TALK); as and like; so and such; used to, be used to, get used to; and lots of linking words.

You can find more information on words with similar meaning here

WORDS OF SIMILAR MEANING

And if you are still hungry for more vocabulary, please try the following links

PREPOSITIONS

COLLOCATIONS

ADVERB COLLOCATIONS

LINKING WORDS