The passive voice can be tricky in English, especially in light of the number of different tenses which have active and passive forms. Here is a small table to help you with this challenging topic. Please remember that there is no passive voice for the present/past/future perfect continuous tenses (have been doing, had been doing and will have been doing)
PRESENT SIMPLE do / is done
PRESENT CONTINUOUS is doing / is being done
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE have done / have been done
PAST SIMPLE did / was done
PAST CONTINUOUS was doing / was being done
PAST PERFECT had done / had been done
FUTURE SIMPLE will / will be done
FUTURE PERFECT will have done / will have been done
MODAL VERB can / can be done
MODAL PERFECT could have done / could have been done
GERUND ____ing / being done
to + INFINITIVE to + infinitive / to be done
Here are 3 lessons which focus on passive forms. The first lesson is an elementary class, and so it would only suit people who have never studied this topic before, or have only studied it briefly. The only tenses in this lesson are past and present simple.
The next lesson is intermediate level, and so we look at how to form the passive voice with every tense.
Please try the following quiz on these themes
The final lesson looks at ‘causative’ which is a form of passive. Causative involves either ‘have + 3rd form’ or ‘get + 3rd form’ and is used when we want to say that we hired or employed someone to carry out a service on our behalf.