Cause, effect, comparison and contrast
This English lesson looks at the different linking words which contrast, compare and establish cause and effect. Words such as ‘due to”, ‘consequently’, ‘so as’, ‘nevertheless’, ‘despite’, ‘although’ and many others are examined in terms of their meaning and function. This is part of a course I am making for students taking the FCE exam, and this information will be especially useful for the writing and use of English papers. I recommend you learn how to use all these words by heart. They will definitely appear in the exam.
as a result
this has led to
this has resulted in
The cause of this is
The reason for this is
On the contrary
In spite of
Additional and conditional linking words
Another lesson but this one focuses on conditional and additional linking words.
On the other hand
as soon as
as long as
on condition that
As well as
In addition to
Firstly, secondly, thirdly
To illustrate this
Used to, be used to, get used to
And please make sure you are very familiar with the various forms of used to. This English lesson looks at all forms.
used to + infinitive = WAS TRUE. NOT TRUE NOW I used to have a pony tail
be/get used to + ___ing = be/get familiar with
So and Such
And you’ll also need to bear in mind small differences between easily confused words. For example, the difference between so and such.
So + adjective. (The hotel was so cosy.)
Such + (adjective) + noun. (It was such a lovely day)
As and Like
The following English Lesson looks as the difference between as and like. Here are the basic differences highlighted
as + function/job (Please use my coat as a blanket)
like or such as = for example (I enjoy winter sports, like/such as skiing)
look like / sound like / smell like = similar to
As or like can be used before a clause. We went to Greece as/like we did last year
As often used with knowing/expecting/believing (As you know, As you’d expect)
For more exercises on linking words, please try the following links!
Please try my some of the following lessons and enrich your language