Gerunds and infinitives are the focus of these English lessons. To construct correct sentences in English it is necessary to learn which verbs are followed by to + infinitive (E.g need to go, want to have, would like to do) and which verbs are followed by gerund, which is the verb + ‘ing’ (like playing, suggest going, regret taking etc..). We also need to remember that modal verbs are followed by the infinitive without ‘to’
Gerunds and infinitives elementary
This elementary lesson looks at some of the most common constructions with gerunds and infinitives, and also explains that gerunds come after prepositions, but to + infinitive comes after adjectives. If this is too easy, please skip this lesson, and move onto intermediate or advanced below.
Gerunds and infinitives intermediate
Some of you will probably need to examine these constructions in more detail, and so here is an intermediate lesson on the same topic
And please test yourselves with this quiz. Remember that the following verbs take a gerund
like, love, hate, enjoy
start, finish, stop, begin
suggest, recommend, regret, admit, avoid, deny
can’t stand, can’t bear, can’t help
mind, imagine, keep, miss
prefer, risk, practice
Gerunds and Infinitives advanced
Now, some of you may have heard that certain verbs in English can take both gerund, or to + infinitive. This advanced lesson looks at how certain verbs have different meanings depending on whether they are followed by ‘to + infinitive’ or ‘gerund’.
begin working / begin to work
start working / start to work
stop working / stop to work
keep working / keep to work
forget working / forget to work
remember working / remember to work
regret working / regret to work
need working / need to work
try working / try to work (пробовать / стараться)
Nonetheless, for a complete understanding of gerunds and infinitives the student must comprehend not only whether the verb takes an infinitive or gerund, but also the position of the object in the sentence, and whether any preposition is necessary. Here is a playlist of 5 lessons which looks at the most common verbs in English used to report what has happened, and how they are used.
And please test yourself with the following quiz
Perfect Infinitive and Perfect Gerund
Gerunds and to + infinitive also have perfect forms, as I explain in the following lesson.
to have + 3rd = perfect infinitive (with to)
having + 3rd = perfect gerund
1) With adjectives:
I’m glad/pleased/delighted/disappointed (adjective) to have met him last week.
2) With certain verbs (claim, seem, hope, expect, prefer, like, love, hate, pretend)
He claims not to have been anywhere near the scene of the crime.
The letter seems to have been written in a hurry.
I’d like to have met him last week.
We hope to have finished it by the end of the year.
PERFECT GERUND (finished gerund)
Having read the newspaper, I went out for a walk.
Having had a shower, I cooked my breakfast.