Learning conditionals is vital because when we speak a language it’s necessary to express ourselves conditionally. So we must use the word ‘if’ on a regular basis. To master this grammar it is necessary to learn the formula for each conditional and understand when the conditional is used. Once you understand, you should practise speaking the grammar correctly for full fluency. The more times you use them, the easier they will become.

Conditional forms elementary

Here is an elementary lesson which looks only at first and second conditional. It should be a nice and slow introduction to this topic. The formula for these two conditionals are below

1) IF + PRESENT / WILL + 1st  (real possibilities)
2) IF + PAST / WOULD + 1st  (present or future hypothetical)

 

Conditional forms intermediate

For some of you this lesson may be a little too easy. Here is a harder lesson which looks at all four conditionals (and mixed) which is aimed at intermediate level. Again, the formula for the four conditionals is written below. Please pay attention to it when you use these conditionals in the exercises and in your speech.

0) IF + PRESENT / PRESENT
1) IF + PRESENT / WILL
2) IF + PAST / WOULD
3) IF + PAST PERFECT / WOULD HAVE + 3rd

And it would probably be a good idea to test your understanding of these forms in this quiz

CONDITIONAL EXERCISE

Conditionals advanced

Now, many of you may be thinking ‘I’ve heard this all before. Haven’t you got anything new to tell me about conditional forms?’ Well, I hope that I have. The following lesson is for advanced level and deals with some strange conditionals which are different to the forms we have already studied. This lesson is only for the bravest of English learners!

 

Please try some of my other lessons and exercises if you have enjoyed these

PREPOSITIONS
PHRASAL VERBS
ARTICLES
TENSES